The psychodynamic approach focuses on the personality of leaders and followers. In Mumford’s skills model, personality is an individual attribute, meaning that the personality of the leader would impact how he led. This resonates with the the psychodynamic approach because the psychodynamic approach states the ego state of the leader is an important part in the dyadic interactions between the leader and the followers. The psychodynamic approach gives five ego states for leaders and followers. They can either be in the controlling parent, nurturing parent, adult, free child, or adapted child state. Each ego state corresponds to a different way of reacting to outside stimuli. For example, a less effective leader could be in a free child ego state. Such a leader could be distinguished by breaking down in critical situations and resorting to blaming others and being uncooperative rather than giving constructive directions. A leader could be in an adapted child ego state and stress the importance of following rules to his followers. A leader in the adult state would expect his followers to complete the tasks he assigns them. He would treat his followers professionally, giving them what they need, but not getting to close to them. A leader in the nurturing parent state would display numerous supporting behaviors to his followers, as he would have a personal interest in seeing his followers succeed. A leader in the controlling parent state would display numerous directive behaviors to his followers, as he would be obsessive about keeping his followers in line and being able to coerce them. Followers will react to each of these behaviors differently depending on their own ego state. For example, a controlling parent leader would not work well with a free child follower, as the leader would try to keep the follower in check but the follower would try his best to rebel. In short, the ego state of the leader in the psychodynamic approach corresponds to the personality of the leader as an individual attribute in Mumford’s skill’s model.

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